Objectives of the service
Italy is one of the richest countries in the World in terms of number of Cultural sites per km sq.; however, territorial and anthropogenic hazards threaten them constantly, leading monuments to surface and/or structural degradation, compromising their status of conservation.
In this rich panorama, AMOR proposes solutions for both Safeguard and Fruition sectors.
For Safeguard aspects, AMOR aims at supporting Public Institutions (PI) offering appropriated monitoring frequency and solutions. PI will be supported in the management of derived information, by means of the web platform St’ART, based on the concept of Knowledge Management.
PI will be supported by end-to-end services based on a hierarchical / multi temporal / multi-sensory approach, providing:
- updated information, scheduled according to phenomena to be observed;
- non-invasive technological solutions, selected on the base of the desired detail and/or phenomenon to observe (satellites, UAV and GRP systems).
AMOR aims at improving, thus, the decision-making and the programmatic capacity, also introducing a costs reduction (maintenance instead of emergency interventions).
With respect to Fruition aspects, AMOR will provide visitors with a mobile APP, powered by historical certified information (text, audio and images). The mobile APP will also offer the access to Mixed Reality (MR) contents (3D model reconstruction hypothesis of ancient monuments), for a better comprehension of the ancient ruins.
Moreover, through visitors’ tracking, statistics and visitors’ behaviour will be shown to site managers via web platform, for any decision (protection/promotion) to be undertake.
Users and their needs
With respect to Safeguard aspects, AMOR aims to improve the decision-making and programmatic capacity of Public Institutions.
AMOR Safeguard community is mainly represented by Public Institutions:
- MiC (Italian Ministry for Culture), involving:
- 5 Superintendences
- Institutes, among which Istituto per la Conservazione ed il Restauro (both as user and AMOR partner);
- 1 Direzione Generale for zones struck by earthquake (2016);
- 9 Archaeological parks;
The users’ segment involved in AMOR is represented by public institutions operating in Rome, responsible for safeguard, preservation and conservation of ancient monuments.
The major needs expressed by AMOR users are the following:
- To be aware about the status of conservation of monuments’ not easily reachable parts, such as walls’ top and roofs; this will allow a prompt detection of criticalities (wed vegetation, crack and humidity patterns, loss of materials, etc.) and support the decision-making phase for actions to be undertaken (maintenance/restauration);
- To be aware about land/buildings’ movements, both by means of periodic monitoring satellite analysis, and based on historic analysis referred to precise periods;
- To be aware about urban changes occurred over time in order to gain information not achievable differently;
- To be informed about underground (terrain) and sub-superficial criticalities (vertical elements, such as walls);
- To be aware about visitors’ behaviours and flows inside an area in order to gain information about related statistics (e.g., average dwell time);
- To dispose of a web platform able to manage information derived by technological surveys for intervention planning;
AMOR Fruition segment is represented by Visitors. Visitors’ major identified needs are the following:
- A Mobile APP, offering certified information (both text and audio);
- Innovative and emotional solutions of visit (directly on personal devices, fundamental in a pandemic/post-pandemic context), such as the Mixed Reality proposed by AMOR, for an emotional experience and for a better understanding of the ruins they are looking at during their visit.
Moreover, statistics will be provided by collaborative visitors that will be tracked (anonymously) allowing the extraction of information referred to their preferences and behaviors (ancillary Safeguard information).
Initially, the targeted users for Safeguard services will be Italians.
Service/ system concept
AMOR is intended to provide solutions missing today (or not yet systematized) to the two AMOR communities: i) Institutions responsible of monuments’ safeguard and ii) visitors of Rome.
Safeguard services that will be developed are mainly aimed at providing, at different scale (local and individual) information about degradation phenomena affecting Cultural Assets. Site managers will be provided with information about the detection and mapping of surface (satellites and UAV) and sub-surface (GPR) damages the properties are exposed to. Results will be presented as:
- Thematic maps, to facilitate understanding of the results;
- Velocity maps, to detect criticalities in terms of buildings’ movements.
This information, provided via reports and geo-spatial layers distributed via web platform, will support experts in terms of preventive conservation actions to be taken.
Fruition services will support Visitors of the city of Rome, extremely rich in terms of ancient ruins not always understandable at first sight, for an emotional tour. A 3D model (hypothetic architectural reconstruction), whose usability will be facilitated by 5G, will be available directly on their devices, after downloading the mobile APP. This will also offer certified fruition contents (audio/text) for a more aware and exciting city tour.
The two communities will be provided with the following Information and Communication Technologies:
1. St’ART web platform, for:
- Upload and management of proprietary documentation;
- Download and consultation of geo-layers and reports (derived by satellites, UAV, GPR);
- Consultation of a subset of Carta del Rischio (MiC) data;
2. Mobile APP, for the consultation of:
- Certified historic information;
- Multimedia contents:
- Mixed Reality.
Space Added Value
AMOR satellite enabling technologies encompass:
1. Earth Observation satellites. They will be used as follow:
- Synthetic Aperture Radar sensors: for the detection of relevant land/buildings’ movements. The periodicity of satellite analyses, applying InSAR techniques on long temporal series, will guarantee regular monitoring – not performed to date – ensuring prompt interventions in case of detection of slow displacements/deformations (some millimeters per year).
- Multispectral sensors:
- for the detection (1st level) and mapping of weed vegetation located in the upper parts (not visible and/or not reachable). This analysis could bring, where necessary, to the 2nd level analysis enabled by UAV;
- for change detection analyses, contributing to the refinement of vulnerability calculation, as a support to Carta del Rischio methodology, ICR.
2. Satellite Navigation satellites. They will be used as follow:
- Velocity deformation mapping, based on common exploitation of SAR and GNSS data. GNSS data, coming from permanent GNSS networks, postprocessed with PPP techniques and assimilated in the SAR interferometry processing chain to improve its performance;
- UAV data acquisition, where satellite navigation will provide information about airborne location, essential to understand images positioning over a wide area and allow photointerpretation and automatic digital models reconstructions;
- Visitors’ positioning for flow analysis, based on the use of mobile devices equipped with GNSS receivers.
TBC after BDR.