The continued instability in several areas in the Middle East, Africa and Asia has resulted in an unprecedented displacement of people at a global level and an increased influx of migrants and refugees in Europe, especially through its South-eastern and Mediterranean borders. In the context of this study the whole complex of migration is considered:
In that context, harnessing big data towards strengthened mitigation, preparedness, and response capacities requires:
The management of the migration crisis is a complex process that requires significant capacities and cooperation/coordination amongst several stakeholders, from different sectors: EU Agencies, National Coordination Centre, humanitarian aid and civil protection actors, NGOs involved on day-to-day management of the migration crisis, national authorities.
Information required from the users are classified in two major areas:
The requirements are categorised according to
(a) the location along the migration route, and
(b) the main capacity areas: mitigation, preparedness and response.
In addition to determining their key needs and requirements, the study investigates the actions required to set-up agreements with users / stakeholders for post-project service exploitation and funding.
The following table shows the list of involved end users and relevant countries:
In addition, key international users are involved in the study through the European Space Agency: Frontex, EASO, IOM and SatCen
The following set of key services based on the exploitation of big data from space integrated with collateral source of data have been proposed:
The proposed services:
The envisaged End Users benefits are:
Services can be provided:
The Project explored big data sources including:
identifying the legal, technical, economic constraints relevant to their application in support to identified use cases, as well as characterise added value hidden information. The first interactions with the users (“interview”, “mock-up” presentation) have allowed a finer understanding of their requirements, their operational, technical, legal or other constraints, and their main interests across the three emergency management phases
The diversity of users in terms of their operational mandate and activities portfolio calls for a diversified services portfolio and business model whereby the value offered to them is also multi-faceted.
Next steps will be