The continued instability in several areas in the Middle East, Africa and Asia has resulted in an unprecedented displacement of people at a global level and an increased influx of migrants and refugees in Europe, especially through its South-eastern and Mediterranean borders. In the context of this study the whole complex of migration is considered:
In that context, harnessing big data towards strengthened mitigation, preparedness, and response capacities requires:
The management of the migration crisis is a complex process that requires significant capacities and cooperation/coordination amongst several stakeholders, from different sectors: EU Agencies, National Coordination Centre, humanitarian aid and civil protection actors, NGOs involved on day-to-day management of the migration crisis, national authorities.
Information required from the users are classified in two major areas:
The requirements are categorised according to
(a) the location along the migration route, and
(b) the main capacity areas: mitigation, preparedness and response.
In addition to determining their key needs and requirements, the study investigates the actions required to set-up agreements with users / stakeholders for post-project service exploitation and funding.
The following table shows the list of involved end users and relevant countries:
A set of key required services based on the exploitation of big data from space integrated with collateral source of data has been proposed:
The proposed services:
The envisaged End Users benefits are:
Services can be provided:
Example of Border Monitoring
The feasibility study explored big data sources including:
identifying the legal, technical, ethical and privacy constraints relevant to their application in support to identified use cases.
The interactions with the users (“interview”, “mock-up” presentation) allowed to build a good understanding of their requirements and operational constraints; as result of this process, specific services and business models were proposed.
Services mock-ups were developed and showcased to the users to get their feedback and help fine tune the service offer.
A sustainability analysis was carried out addressing economic and non-economic aspects confirming the viability of the proposed services.
The feasibility study was completed in January 2019: end-user feedbacks encouraged the consortium to work towards a follow-up demo project, to develop and demonstrate the proposed services in a (nearly) operational scenario.