Although, many projects in Public Safety have delivered useful, innovative results, not all of their results are used on the long term, often because of inadequate business model. By investigating critical risk use cases concerning technological hazards in Belgium and food security in Senegal, the Study wants to demonstrate that a “global” approach brings significant benefits, compared with traditional segmented approaches that impede the construction of viable business models.
The objectives of the Study are:
Prepare the technical and financial scenarios for a successful implementation of viable services covering the targeted users’ needs and beyond.
The Study has selected two different risk scenarios in two continents. The first scenario concerns Belgium, where, for centuries, industrial activities have developed in the middle of a dense population, raising today critical concern about the risks for the citizens, e.g. accident in a factory, ground instability caused by ancient mining and quarry activities. The second scenario addresses the tremendous challenge that low agricultural productivity and risks on the yield (weather, pest, losses) put, in Senegalese municipalities, on the local authorities, who often lack of reliable local information for anticipation and decision-making.
The main targeted users’ communities are the local authorities (municipalities), the regional and national institutions in charge of risk prevention, mitigation and intervention, and the first responders of the Civil Security services. The stakeholders involved in the production (e.g. industrial enterprises and engineering companies in Belgium, farmers and suppliers of inputs for agriculture in Senegal) and in the services (e.g. experts, financial institutions) are also targeted as they are consumers of added-value services generating potentially significant revenues.
Major needs addressed in Belgium:
Major needs addressed in Senegal:
The Business Service Platform allows, in a value chain, stakeholders to efficiently measure, evaluate and control the performance by sharing the sources of data and exchanging added-value information. This platform comprises common generic components and, in the context of the study, two applicative segments.
The main generic components implement the user interface through the web and through the mobile telephone and ensure the management of interchange among the stakeholders.
The Public Safety applicative segment provides:
The Food Security applicative segment provides:
The system ensures the collection of up-to-date, near-real-time data from different sources: Earth Observation (e.g. Sentinel 1 interferometer), time and location referenced mobile data (e.g. land tenure limits by a surveyor), public and private data bases (e.g. cadastral registry) and possibly measurements from in-situ sensor networks.
The system requires mandatorily Earth Observation and Navigation Satellite Infrastructures to deliver the services to the stakeholders in Belgium and in Senegal. Communications satellites are considered in Senegal, in rural areas, where the ground telecommunications infrastructures are not available.
The use of SENTINEL-1 radar data is foreseen as the single source of information for ground deformation measurement, as it provides rapidly available data over the same areas with high recurrence (every 6 days with tandem satellites) at affordable cost.
The provision of services at local scale for the crop monitoring requires multispectral wavebands at 20M resolution images from SENTINEL-2.
Precise geo-positioning with GNSS is required for most of the services, as they integrate in-situ collected data using mobile phone devices with geo-positioning capability. Additionally, the surveyors on the field need high precision centimetre positioning for the correct delimitation of the land parcels.
The study work is completed. The main results are:
Based on the proposed roadmap, further exploitation and related investment must be decided.