IWBSF - Integrated Web-Based Service for Forestry

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Application of EO and GNSS technologies, especially by the RSF, to aid more effective forestry management and support forestry related tasks has been growing steadily over the past decade.
 
Looking at RSF Krakow (pilot RSF) in particular, it appears that neither service solutions nor a dedicated platform allowing the access and exchange of produced analyses from EO and GNSS data across multiple directorial levels (users) are used there. Presently, only aerial imagery for a very few number of tasks, mostly focused on visualisation purposes, without advanced data analysis techniques (value-added services) are being implemented by them. Since Poland was incorporated into ESA’s structure, knowledge of the benefits flowing from the possible solutions mentioned above has become more common and the State Forests has begun to look at opportunities to implement these solutions, which proves that their awareness has been raised. Thus, the IWBSF project is a perfect example of promoting integrated EO and GNSS technologies that highlight the benefits of such solutions.
 
The design and implementation of the IWBSF service offers its users a reach access to processed and gathered information leveraged from EO and GNSS assets. Developed services provide forestry employees with the ability to download essential forestry analysis information in order to support required tasks for effective forest management.

Users and their needs

Users require EO and GNSS products and information to be available via Internet services. This enables them to display, edit download produced analyses, as well as to integrate GNSS measurements with EO observations and export data for distribution in a quick and efficient way. Therefore, the  functionality of the service shall embrace:

  • Analytic section – this main component of the service covers all published produced analyses and information (GIS layers) based on EO imagery (monitoring, crisis events, etc.). The layers are available for all interested and permitted users with the possibility to download onto mobile GPS equipment. The layers integrated with GPS mobile equipment can  be used by final  users to conduct mandatory forestry tasks;
  • Data repository – this section contains all EO/GNSS archived data collected by the administrator of the service.
  • The analytical toolbox - the set of tools to support change detection analysis and acquire  information about the change in forest volume;  
  • Standard tools (display, zoom, pan, extend, measurement of distance and area, search, information about the metadata, etc.);
  • Edit tools (create new coverage, modify the band combination of EO images, etc.);
  • Integration of services from other sources such as  OGC standard;
  • Export and import functionality (map to .shp print map, GeoPDF, tables, and GNSS data); Service exchange tools to support and update field measurements from GPS mobile equipment (GNSS elements).

The target users are from Poland State Forests

Service/ system concept

Fig. 5 The Crisis events (windfall) in the superintendence of Krościenko (RDLP Krakow) has place in May 2016. The area of 13 840 ha has been affectedThe aim of the feasibility study is the development of an end-to-end service to provide access to value-added information for forestry users. An integrate part of the service is necessary to build the dedicated IT infrastructure as a server platform with data repository of Earth Observation (EO) imagery and GNSS elements. The idea of the IWBSF is to promote efficient and widespread use of EO and GNSS elements through published services including outputs of produced analyses from forestry case studies, information distribution, inventory uploading, resource management and archival functions. 

The end-to-end service provides access to case studies (produced layers) which contain value-added information based on EO/GNSS elements. The pilot project embraces three (3) most important aspects for the forestry in Krakow, namely: Crisis Events (Hail or snowfall and windfalls), Forest Monitoring (forest health analysis and pest control), and Forest Management Plans (GNSS field inventories for updating Forest Digital Maps/LMN). The project concentrates on one example for each of those case studies due to the time and budget limitations for the pilot project.  

GNSS and EO data (SAR, optical, aerial images and GPS field inventory) from an up-to-date collection and archives from the Regional State Forest, superintendence and all collaborative bodies will be stored and shared on the IT server platform. 

During the feasibility study phase the prototype of the service has been developed.

The login interface to the IWBSF. 

The IWBSF prototype service developed during the Feasibility Study. 

Space Added Value

Fig. 5 The Crisis events (windfall) in the superintendence of Krościenko (RDLP Krakow) has place in May 2016. The area of 13 840 ha has been affectedThe intended solution is based on two (2) main components: the end-to-end service containing case studies on how to use EO/GNSS elements for forestry needs and the IT server platform such as data repository storing and sharing that is all the data produced and collected by the Administrator of the service. 

The development methodology for the proposed IWBSF focuses on providing a full case study of using EO and GNSS elements during specific situations happening within forests like crisis events or monitoring tasks. Other complementary and necessary tasks will be the creation of an EO and GNSS data repository and a web-based interface offering users access to processed data via value-added services tailored to support forestry tasks. This server platform is based on open source solutions such as: PostgreSQL, Geoserver, Open layers, OGC standards (WMS, WFS and WCS). The methodology of services with remote sensing technologies are applied, focusing especially on: OBIA, change detection, complex index of vegetation, GNSS field survey, fusion approach (integration of information from different data sources) and fuzzy logic.  

Current Status

The WP5.1 has been finished and the adoption of the service for the new users (RDLP Szczecin and Białystok) has been implemented.

Fig. 1 The adopted service for the Szczecin RSF

Fig. 2 The adopted service for the Białystok RSF
 
The service has been activated for the end users and ready to provide the data and added value information in 3 main domains: Forest Management Plans, Crisis Events and Forest Healthy Monitoring.
During the demonstration phase 7 events has been provided like for:
- RDLP Krakow: 4 events
- RDLP Szczecin: 3 events
- RDLP Białystok: 3 events
Below figures 3,4,5 and 6 presents the service activation:
Fig. 3 The identification of pest nest (osnuja) in the Myślenice superintendence of Radziszów
Fig. 4 The Resko superintendence were the maggot of beetle damages the trees - identification on the EO data (the nest of the pest)
Fig. 5 The Crisis events (windfall) in the superintendence of Krościenko (RDLP Krakow) has place in May 2016. The area of 13 840 ha has been affected
 
Fig. 6 In June 2016 the huge thunderstorm was damaged a thousands of trees in Dojlidy superintendence (RDLP Białystok). Almost 1100 ha of area has been affected of this crisis event. The analysis and identification has been provided to the foresters from this event.
In October the demonstration phase of the IWBSF project has been finished.
 
 

Prime Contractor

Project Managers

Contractor Project Manager

Bartosz Kulawik
SmallGIS Ltd.
Wadowicka 8a
30-415 Krakow
Poland
0048 506 103 135

ESA Project Manager

Cesar Bastón Canosa
ESTEC
Keplerlaan 1, P.O. Box 299
2200 AG Noordwijk
Netherlands
+31 (0) 71 56 58278

Status Date

Updated: 11 January 2017 - Created: 04 March 2015