Objectives of the service
Provide all users with services for the detection and prevention of food (and beverage) fraud by
- tracing with the highest precision the position of the reefers containing perishable food
- providing alerts whenever temperature or humidity exceeds allowed ranges, cargo falls and on unexpected door openings which are critical to prevent food frauds, also in case of transports in remote lands or in deep ocean
- merging and certificating this information with other relevant shipping documents/certifications/forms and satellite information
These services shall be of high relevance for both Logistics Service Providers (LSPs) in charge of the safety and of the operations of shipping, and for Insurance Service Providers (ISPs) who shall profit from the intrinsic certification of validity provided by Distributed Ledger Technologies on all the data available and exchanged between Parts and devices, throughout the INCOTERMS chain. Such data might as well include satellite, high-resolution images of the scene relevant to any eventual claim on the insured shipment/cargo.
Users and their needs
Given the global nature of cargo container shipping, both Insurance Service Providers and Logistics Service Providers operate worldwide, hence comprehend national and – above all – international players. While LSPs are generally required by Customers to have a finer control on their shipments, enabling them to intervene in case of adverse events, ISPs want to run less risks and reduce time and costs to understand on whom put the blame for a claim
Although from different perspectives, all of them need anyway services helping ensure food safety and prevent illegal behaviours and food counterfeiting during food shipments increased visibility and transparency on the whole supply chain certification of procedures and of information exchanged by all Parts involved in the supply chain
Most of the challenges for the project shall consist in the difficulty to make stakeholders understand the added value carried by proposed services (and behind technologies) and to help them answer the question: “who is going to pay for this?”, but the themes of the project are necessarily to be considered in nowadays scenario, either from a business-driven or from a regulatory point of view as attested by the many existent and forthcoming regulations (e.g.: FDA/GFSI/BRC/IFS/FSSC 22000)
Service/ system concept
New generation satellite solutions power four cutting edge services
Anomaly Detection Services (ADS) improved SatNav and SatCom functionalities are key to have and transmit even from “in-the-middle-of-nowhere” information of anomalies detected by the Edge AI functionality of the Premium ZTD device including precise positioning. If a fault or an alert is detected whilst in a desert or ocean, spare parts and technical services may be made ready at arrival
Theft Alerting Services (TAS) accurate location detection and just in time communication will clearly be even more crucial should freight owners and police forces need to locate where fraudulent behaviours (such as unexpected door opening) are alerted. If duly communicated on time, police and control forces may intervene and avoid the rerouting usually conducting to food fraud
Scene Reporting Services (SRS) & Data Certification Services (DCS) combining and aggregating information from multiple data and imagery sources is going to be key for the policy underwriting, claiming and certification services offered for ISP providers. SatEO imagery may clearly report weather conditions, environmental hazards and logistical layout of places and locations where events have happened.
Space Added Value
Here is the evaluation of the relevance attributed by users to each ESA service, elaborated through the data extracted from the filled surveys
SAT-NAV is the service perceived as most relevant, thanks to the several advantages provided by an increased precision in localization. This aspect is of the outmost relevancy for the traceability of food, with a special attention to raw materials for the F&B industry SAT-COMM is the second one and guarantees the benefits of the solution even when the goods are “in the middle of nowhere” SAT-EO ranks third, although we are confident that the impact of high resolution EO images is going to make users re-consider the value carried by aerial, high-resolution images
This is the value enabled by ESA services and attributed by interviewed users to the Application Areas addressed by this study, compared to what is nowadays obtainable with the current ZTS
The blue area defines how the actual ZTS “fits” within the space defined by the relevance attributed to the feature by interviewed users. Green area shows the tangible improvement on Application Areas achievable by means of the new ESA powered solution
Two panels of around 30 Logistics and around 10 Insurance Service Provider users have been defined.
As of today, 58% of ISPs and 35% of LSPs returned the filled surveys, almost all of them sometimes makes use of monitoring products or services, depending on their customers’ requests.
Overall, the most considered application area is definitely “Supply Chain Transparency”, and this is the most relevant area for both ISPs and LSPs. This makes sense because for LSPs is vital to be informed of everything might have an operational value to better control the cool chain, and for ISPs is critical to have transparency in the nodal points where the risks are transferred by players of the intermodal chain.
“Food Safety” follows, and indeed it is of major concern for LSPs, while it is ranked third for ISPs, who care more for “Certification procedures”.
Third comes “Certification procedures”, the second major aspect of interest for ISPs, although the least relevant for LSPs “Prediction of illegal behaviors” ranks fourth, quite close to the last area “Detection of counterfeit food products” because of the increasing awareness of the risks for food fraud. This risk is perceived higher by LSPs than by ISPs.
The first milestone meeting – the User Requirements Review – took place in July 2021. The next milestone meeting is planned for January 2022.