Services enabled by HAPS (Thales Alenia Space) - Services enabled by High Altitude Pseudo Satellite (HAPS) complemented by satellites (Thales Alenia Space)

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To be completed further when the technical solution is defined.

Users and their needs

The users potentially interested by the use of a HAPS as a complementary mean to the satellite data are various: defence ministries, public authorities or industrial companies.

The applications identified in the study as the most relevant for the users are the site monitoring, the cartography, the target detection, the linear tracking and the operational support.

The following key points and requirements that are mandatory for users have been identified:

  • the real HAPS gain is continuous monitoring and persistence above an area. To take a maximum advantage of this specificity, system must be equipped with instruments that allow day and night as well as bad weather observation. Thus, Thermal Infrared receiver is mandatory which would be a real lever on the market. By priority then, optical (Ultra High Resolution) and Synthetic Aperture Radar,
  • for HAPS operational control, the center must allow the user to modify the flight plan or easily redeploy the HAPS; the same center must be able to command existing systems (drones, satellites). The center must be located in an area that allows a very low latency for information transmission (QRT quasi real time),
  • To be more efficient from an operational concept perspective, HAPS must be equipped with an automatic data processing tool for basic objects detection. Automatic fusion and correlation between different sources of data must be performed airborne.

European users are targeted.

Service/ system concept

To be completed further when the technical solution is defined.

Space Added Value

To be completed further when the technical solution is defined.

Current Status

The first step of this feasibility study, i.e. collecting and analysing the user requirements, is completed:

  • User needs discussed with different users (EMSA, Satcen, Frontex, Piedmont Regional Environmental and Civil Protection Agency, Italian Regional Firefighters, …) and analysed,
  • Scenarios with HAPS defined,
  • Requirements categorized (operational, functional, performance) and prioritized (Must, Should, Could).

The economic and non-economic viability analysis has started:

  • Market analysis performed (user needs analysis , customer segmentation, areas of interest identified),
  • Analysis of the competition initiated,
  • Service value chain initiated,
  • Non-economic viability aspects identified.

The next steps are:

  • Finalize the economic and non-economic viability analysis,
  • Define service characteristics answering to the user needs for each scenario,
  • Define the overall system concept,
  • Define the system architecture and component answering to the need,
  • Assess the technical feasibility of the solution.

Project Managers

Contractor Project Manager

Catherine Desroches
Thales Alenia Space
5 Allée des Gabians
06150 Cannes
+33 (0)4 92 92 31 30

ESA Project Manager

Laurence Duquerroy
Keplerlaan 1
2200 AG Noordwijk ZH

Status Date

Updated: 26 December 2018 - Created: 26 December 2018