SISMA is an efficient vulnerability monitoring system with major social benefits:
Two business cases have been addressed:
The first case is closed because the requirements expressed are not conducive to business. The second case has identified the opportunity and viability of a large market, a service targeting three complementary user communities:
1) Herders and Natural reserves for connecting reindeers to herders to:
2) Health communities for building the capacity of veterinary services over the territory to:
3) State agencies (Agricultural, Environmental) & participating scientists for knowledge of ground occupation by the herds to adapt management strategies to climate change and:
® CLS 2017
All users need a low-cost monitoring solution of individual performance of reindeers and distribute actionable information at herd or local - regional level, alerts, maps and statistics which support decision-making. The restitution differs depending on users.
1) To reduce losses, dispersion of animals and neighboring conflicts, herders and natural reserves need to follow-up the journey, activities and habitats, and temperature of their animals, and be alerted in real time on sensitive situations such as entering/outering specific areas (virtual fences), the presence of other herds and the sharing of pasture resources.
2) To enhance disease risk assessment, the Health care system needs SISMA to establish communication with on site breeders & veterinarians to get early information on disease or receive instructions when risk, to share the knowledge of herds location, diseases, history of displacements, to identify propagation pathways and set up action plans.
3) To monitor land access and pasture sharing, to estimate-trace the abundance of population or to adapt compensation process, local authorities and State agencies need SISMA to ensure a global watch of reindeers, recording, managing, qualifying and enabling the sharing of monitoring data together with continuous Earth observations and climate data.
This common and scalable system architecture supports 3 service lines, each one fitted to each of the users working environment:
® CLS 2017
1) “Space internet Of Life for herders: It relies on a low cost hybrid collar system (Argos satellite / LORA IOT + temperature captor) and a phone application to declare/describe the equipped animals/herd/owner and disease diagnostics, as well as to read/visualize their alerts and monitoring data.
2) “Disease channel” for health communities: It collects and localizes the early warning of diseases from on-site communities and access sharable monitoring data of first service in order to identify the location of infections and appearance of syndromes diseases.
3) “Reindeer data center” for local and State Agencies: It provides & maintains a suite of standard & sustained technology to herders and manages data sharing. It consolidates & fuses historical and current animal records with Earth Observations and climate data in a GIS data base. It provides also statistics and elaborated reports to support further analysis. Data centers can be accessed through cloud service or installed on a customer premises
The use of space systems to support herding is required in Northern Russia because of the herding surface extent, the weakness of the means of terrestrial communication and the low population density (1 million inhabitants).
4 space systems are involved:
The project ended early in 2018. The feasibility study has drawn up a roadmap for sustainable satellite-based services to support livestock management, disease control, and services dedicated to the sustainability of ecosystem. SISMA is optimised to reduce the acquisition costs, to ensure continuous and homogenous data collection and support data management and sharing.
In this favourable context, CLS would like to take advantage of the momentum created to pursue the work with a regional demonstration project: