Objectives of the service
The main objective of the service is to enable operational full country monitoring of agricultural crops to respond to the needs of the Czech State Agricultural Intervention Fund (SAIF). The focus is to support the Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS) in the Czech Republic, namely the on-the-spot control of aid applications and management of Land Parcel Identification System (LPIS).
The services are based on innovative tools providing continuously updated information on crop types and crop cover within the entire crop vegetation season. The service products delivered to national administration are represented by thematic maps on the agricultural parcel level supporting implementation of IACS controls and LPIS update processes. The final products are enhanced by field survey validation. The services are also provided on-line via web mapping services.
Users and their needs
The Czech State Agricultural Intervention Fund represents the main user of the service. DROMAS Control services focus on risk assessment to support new monitoring approach and on the support to monitoring of compliance with the principles of environmentally sound farm management. DROMAS LPIS services aim at improving the quality of the LPIS and at support to LPIS update process.
Service/ system concept
The proposed system consists of separated components that represent technical solution to fulfill individual system requirements.
The schematization in the figure below provides the overall technical architecture of the Agricultural Crop Monitoring service.
- Earth Observation component: selection and provision of suitable satellite imagery
- In-situ component: acquisition and provision of field survey crop information and soil moisture data
- Data storage component: data storage and data management
- Data processing component: data processing and analysis
- Map server component: service products provision to the user
Space Added Value
Earth Observation and Satellite Navigation represent two space assets that enable implementation of the service compliant with identified user requirements.
Earth Observation is the only technology that can provide feasible solution for operational full country crop monitoring in needed spatial and temporal resolution.
Satellite Navigation is the technology providing the solution for operational targeted in-situ data collection focused on support of satellite image data analysis.
After the completion of the feasibility study in 2015, the DROMAS Demonstration Project started in January 2016. The project passed the Critical Design Review (CDR) milestone successfully in November 2016. Factory Acceptance Tests (FAT), held at ESTEC in August 2017, aimed to verify the compliance the pilot-demonstration system with the set of requirements agreed at the BDR.
All the demonstration activities have been carried out during 2018. The demonstration phase run smoothly with very active participation of the user in each individual demonstration scenario. All the provided services have been validated and user’s assessment was rather positive. It has been confirmed that the services fulfil most of the requirements introduced by the full monitoring control approach and are ready to be provided within the monitoring scheme.
Due to the complete revisit of the use of Earth Observation data in the context of the European Common Agricultural Policy the potential of DROMAS type of services has significantly increased. Current definition of the “checks by monitoring” brings much wider scope within which the Sentinel imagery may be used to support the subsidy controls. Number of additional applications and services have been identified and discussed during the working meetings with SAIF. As the outcome of these discussions two topics have been selected having the highest priority for SAIF and these are proposed to be implemented and demonstrated within the project extension period.
The project main activities have been concluded in March 2019. GISAT is currently considering an extension of the project activities