MOWGLI MicrO reneWable Grid for ruraL Indian areas

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The main objectives of the MOWGLI services are decision support services based on Satellite Communications, Earth Observation data, and/or other space assets to support the decentralized management of microgrids in India and other developing countries.

Starting from requirements of India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA), were collected contributes and requirements from indian microgrids stakeholders and potential customers.

The system aims to answer the following general needs:

  1. Energy availability (to avoid under or over sizing, leading to un-correct grid management)
  2. Energy reliability (grid must be stable, to avoid black-outs)
  3. Energy quality (service quality, to avoid customer dissatisfaction)
  4. Energy awareness

The four MOWGLI services that fulfil the needs described above are:

  1. Strategic planning (site assessment)
  2. Design (renewable energy sources basket, sizing)
  3. O&M  (load  balancing,  remote  control,  anomaly  detection  predictive maintenance)
  4. Energy awareness

Users and their needs

The four MOWGLI i-EM proposed services involve benefit for the whole rural microgrid community:

  • Decision makers (policy makers, funding entities, local entities and regulators): the satellite-based services involve better microgrid planning (optimal site selection) and conveys better decision reducing economical risks and improving country rural areas development. Remote microgrid control, fault detection, prediction and notification based on satellite communications reduce the economic risks. Remote performance monitoring based on satellite communication helps the assessment of the socio-economic impact of the microgrid projects. Energy awareness service based on satellite communication facilitate socio-economic growth of the local communities.
  • Microgrid designers and developers: the space assets will involve a sustainable microgrid project: the EO satellite-based service should involve better microgrid planning (optimal site selection), design (optimal sizing) and implementation (required technology procurement) helping microgrid designer and developers to achieve long-term sustainability and return of investment.
  • Microgrid owner operators (MGOs): EO-satellite based Energy Management System by i-EM will support optimal microgrid management. SatCom links will enable in field data acquisition and operator interface by an automated remote control, fault notification, predictive maintenance, performance monitoring, supporting operation and maintenance activities.
  • End-users: the end-users will benefit of high quality and reliable energy availability at reasonable costs and they will be assisted by customer care services including energy secure billing digital services. They will also benefit from a socio- economic perspective fully exploiting the satcom link for of new commercial activities, safety improvement and tele-education.
The country of the targeted users for MOGLI is India

Service/ system concept

The four MOWGLI services and their main features are described below:

  • MOWGLI_Planner: rural microgrid strategic planning service, based on EO satellites and SatNav precise identification rural area tools.
  • MOWGLI_Tailor: rural microgrid design service, based on EO satellites and SatNav precise microgrid design tool tailoring according to intelligence analytics of the local users ecosystem.
  • MOWGLI_Manager: rural microgrid management service, based on EO satellites and SatNav link supported microgrid IT Energy Management Systems for operational management of the system and for the ancillary services for system maintenance.
  • MOWGLI_Smart: rural microgrid services for the final  customer smartphone services: energy services and secure billing services and energy awareness-related services (i.e. tele-education and tele-medicine).

Space Added Value

Meteosat-8 (IODC)The following Space assets are envisaged for the integration in the targeted services:

Space Assets Involved

X Earth Observation

X Telecommunications

X Satellite Navigation

0 Human Spaceflight


Data from Earth observation satellites are largely used in all the services as a remote and reliable source of data: archive data are used for energy assessments, in this situation where in-situ data are typically not reliable or not available at all. On the contrary, quasi real-time data are used for monitoring and for forecasting inputs to the different systems, as a necessary source of data. Telecommunications satellites are used as complementing solutions where local connectivity is not reliable, or not available at all. Satellite navigation data (GPS) are used to pinpoint the geolocation of local mobile-phone users, to understand their specific behaviour and needs, thus extracting information to better match the community needs. For this activity, using GPS data is easier and more effective with respect to using other kind of data acquisition systems. GPS data are also used to geo-localize the microgrid elements to double check and thus confirm information that can be acquired from local operators.

Local connectivity reliability has major impact over all the activities, both the real-time monitoring and the energy awareness on; thus, if the local connectivity is not considered reliable or is not available at all, the feasibility of installing a dedicated satellite local communication system will be analyzed (SatCom). Thus, the feasibility of using Telecommunications satellites will be studied. They can be used by the system to retrieve in-situ measured data and send to the grid-manager the real-time information about the microgrid functioning, but also for the tele-education activities. The exploitation of SatCom systems starting from Iridium (global coverage) and Inmarsat (Indian coverage is ensured) will be analysed to reach the goal of having a local stable connectivity with appropriate coverage.

Satellite navigation data will be exploited to obtain the position of the microgrid elements using commercial systems (e.g. based on IRNSS, GPS, Galileo). The comparison of pinpoint geo-location before and after a natural disaster (or an anthropic activity) on the monitored location will give the necessary information both for reconstruction and repair activities, but also for the insurance providers.

In addition, using GPS positions from mobile-phones, user needs, habits and relative trends can be studied to better understand the evolving scenarios of the local communities, and to finally better answer to the incoming requests.

The table below summarize the satellites exploited for MOWGLI.


Space Asset

Satellite System


Meteosat-8 (IODC)


Sentinel-2A and Sentinel-2B (Sentinel -2 program)







Satellite Navigation


Satellite Navigation


Current Status

MOWGLI is an ARTES IAP feasibility project. It started in September 2018 and now is in the Technical phase 1, Business Case Assessment, before the first meeting PM1. The three main tasks related are all in progress: Customers Identification & Value Proposition Definition (Task 1), Technical Feasibility Assessment (Task 2), Viability Assessment (Task 3).

Prime Contractor

Project Managers

Contractor Project Manager

Ciro Lanzetta
i-EM S.r.l. (9802)
Via Lampredi, 45
57121 Livorno LI

ESA Project Manager

Davide Coppola
ESTEC Keplerlaan 1, Postbus 299
2200 AG Noordwijk ZH

Status Date

Updated: 03 January 2019 - Created: 20 December 2018